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imageBackground
The perforator flap concept has revolutionized reconstructive surgery. Recently, the attention has moved toward flaps based on capillary perforators, which have been usually neglected in the past as reliable perforators. The aim of this article is to report a series of freestyle capillary perforator–based island flap (c-PBIF) for reconstruction of skin cancer defects of the face, body, and extremities.
Patients and Methods
Between September 2015 and July 2017, 20 consecutive patients underwent c-PBIF reconstruction of facial, body, and limb defects after melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer excision. Perforators were detected by means of unidirectional Doppler, and the flaps were designed taking into account the laxity of the surrounding skin in order to allow primary closure of the donor site. The mean defect dimension was 3.75 × 4.43 cm (ranging from 1 × 2 to 4.5 × 8 cm). All but 1 procedure was performed under local anesthesia.
Results
Mean flap size was 5.37 × 9.97 cm (ranging from 1 × 3 to 6 × 8 cm). In all cases, flaps were based on visible capillary perforators with a caliber of approximately 0.5 mm. All flaps survived. One minor tip flap necrosis was experienced in the largest flap of the series, which was successfully managed with dressing changes. The final reconstructive outcomes were satisfactory both for the patients and surgeons.
Conclusions
Freestyle c-PBIF might represent a further method for local reconstruction of skin cancer defects of the face, body, and extremities, allowing a high tissue efficiency, reduced scarring, and expeditious reconstruction with pleasant outcomes. Further research is needed in order to explore the maximal perforasome potential of capillary perforators.

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