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Posthospital syndrome (PHS) is a transient condition after acute hospitalizations when patients are physiologically deconditioned. The objective of this study was to determine if having PHS at the time of abdominal contouring surgery increased the incidence of postoperative adverse medical events.
We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients enrolled in the MarketScan Databases who underwent outpatient functional or cosmetic abdominal contouring surgery (ie, abdominoplasty, liposuction, or panniculectomy) from April 2010 to August 2015. Patients were separated into 2 groups based upon PHS exposure, defined by hospitalization within 90 days before surgery. Differential health care utilization within 30 days after surgery was compared between cohorts.
Among the 18,947 patients included in the final cohort, 1045 patients (6%) had PHS at the time of abdominal contouring surgery. Patients with PHS experienced more emergency department visits (0.16 vs 0.08 visits; adjusted odds ratio, 1.60; P < 0.001) and more episodes of hospitalization (0.11 vs 0.04 episodes; adjusted odds ratio, 1.70; P < 0.001) within 30 days postoperatively. The mean unadjusted health care utilization after abdominal contouring surgery for patients with PHS was US $7888 (SD, 17,659) versus US $2943 (SD, 9096) in patients without PHS. After controlling for confounders, such as comorbidity burden, PHS was associated with US $3944 greater cost than patients without PHS (P < 0.001).
Among patients undergoing outpatient abdominal contouring surgery, having PHS increased the incidence of adverse medical events requiring medical attention in the 30-day postoperative period. These findings support the inclusion of PHS in preoperative evaluation and preparation for patients seeking abdominal contouring surgery.

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