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imageBackground
Little has been published about transmasculine and nonbinary gender-affirming mastectomies, particularly for patients with skin excess who desire reliable vascularity and sensation to the nipple-areolar complex. In this case series, we describe our experiences with the “buttonhole technique.”
Methods
This was a retrospective case series of all consecutive patients who had a buttonhole mastectomy by a single surgeon. This technique maintains the nipple-areolar complex on a dermal pedicle rather than using a free nipple graft.
Results
Seventeen patients were included, with ages ranging from 21 to 49 years (median, 28 years). There were no major complications. Four patients had minor complications and/or required revision.
Conclusions
The buttonhole technique should be considered for transmasculine and nonbinary patients with skin excess who are concerned about nipple vascularity and sensation.

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