Category: National Laser Institute

Cadaveric Bilateral Proximal Forearm Allotransplantation

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Skin Care news and information found at www.SpaTreatmentTraining.com brought to you by National Laser Institute. Are you interested in a career that can train you to be a Med Spa technician? Want to become a certified Laser Hair Removal Specialist, Laser Tattoo Removal Specialist, Botox Injections or many more exciting Medical Spa courses? Enroll in the National Laser Institute and find yourself on the fast track to success.

imageUntil, sometime ago, microsurgery meant mainly covering a defect or replanting severed parts back to where they belong. Now, restoration of original function and aesthetic consideration is a must in planning reconstructive procedure. Hand transplant combines hand surgery and microsurgery with complex multidisciplinary care.
At the anniversary of our first cadaveric bilateral proximal forearm transplantation done in the country’s government institute, we would like to share our experience in performing the surgery, outcomes so far, complications, and lessons learned, to contribute to the growing knowledge of vascularized composite allotransplant.

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Posterior Tibial Artery Perforator Flaps Carrying Partial Gastrocnemius Muscle for Repair of Soft Tissue Defects With Dead Space in the Ankle and Foot

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Skin Care news and information found at www.SpaTreatmentTraining.com brought to you by National Laser Institute. Are you interested in a career that can train you to be a Med Spa technician? Want to become a certified Laser Hair Removal Specialist, Laser Tattoo Removal Specialist, Botox Injections or many more exciting Medical Spa courses? Enroll in the National Laser Institute and find yourself on the fast track to success.

imageBackground
Soft tissue defects with dead space in the ankle and foot remain a challenge for surgeons. The aim of the study was to evaluate the surgical technique and clinical significance of posterior tibial artery perforator flaps carrying partial gastrocnemius muscle for patients with soft tissue defects with dead space in the ankle area.
Methods
Between August 2015 and August 2017, 14 patients (2 women and 12 men) between 20 and 58 years old (median age, 42 years) were hospitalized in The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. All injuries involved damage to the ankle area and formation of soft tissue defects with dead space. In all patients, posterior tibial artery perforator flaps carrying partial gastrocnemius muscle were transplanted to cover soft tissue defects with dead spaces.
Results
Hospitalization duration ranged from 10 to 20 days (mean, 16 days). All flaps survived and healed well. At follow-up after 6 to 24 months, all cases had recovered successfully in terms of aesthetic and functional aspects.
Conclusions
Posterior tibial artery perforator flaps carrying partial gastrocnemius muscle can be an optimal reconstruction method for repairing soft tissue defects with dead space in the ankle and foot.

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Surgical Site Infection Risk Factor Analysis in Postbariatric Patients Undergoing Body Contouring Surgery: A Nested Case-Control Study

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Skin Care news and information found at www.SpaTreatmentTraining.com brought to you by National Laser Institute. Are you interested in a career that can train you to be a Med Spa technician? Want to become a certified Laser Hair Removal Specialist, Laser Tattoo Removal Specialist, Botox Injections or many more exciting Medical Spa courses? Enroll in the National Laser Institute and find yourself on the fast track to success.

imageBackground
Surgical site infections (SSIs) following body-contouring plastic surgery pose a significant burden on patients and caregivers, possibly leading to undesired surgical outcomes. Surgical site infection incidence following body-contouring plastic surgery ranges from 2% to 7%, but is estimated much higher among postbariatric massive weight loss (MWL) patients.
Objective
The aim of this study was to evaluate SSI rate, risk and protective factors among postbariatric MWL patients following body-contouring plastic surgery.
Methods
This was a nested case-control study of MWL patients who underwent body-contouring plastic surgery at the Department of Plastic Surgery at Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, between 2007 and 2014. Data were obtained from medical records. Surgical site infection was defined according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria. Logistic regression was conducted to assess independent risk factors for SSIs.
Results
From a cohort of 172 patients, 86 were included in the study. Surgical site infection rate was 20% (n = 17). Significant SSI risk factors included lifetime maximal weight and lifetime maximal body mass index (P = 0.039 and P = 0.002, respectively), body mass index loss prior to surgery (P = 0.032), estimated blood loss during surgery (P = 0.002), and gynecomastia repair procedure (P = 0.038). Independent SSI-associated factors included thigh lift procedure (odds ratio, 4.66; 95% confidence interval, 1.13–19.28) and preoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis (odds ratio, 0.04; 95% confidence interval, 0.03–0.61).
Conclusions
Although not required by current guidelines for body-contouring plastic surgery, preoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis in our study demonstrated a significant protective effect against SSIs. Further research may reveal its true contribution to SSI prevention in body-contouring plastic surgery.

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Helical Rim Reconstruction With Chondrocutaneous Hatchet Flap-Z Plasty

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Skin Care news and information found at www.SpaTreatmentTraining.com brought to you by National Laser Institute. Are you interested in a career that can train you to be a Med Spa technician? Want to become a certified Laser Hair Removal Specialist, Laser Tattoo Removal Specialist, Botox Injections or many more exciting Medical Spa courses? Enroll in the National Laser Institute and find yourself on the fast track to success.

imageBackground
Helical rim reconstruction is relatively difficult because of the unique anatomical structure of the ear. The aesthetic and functional characteristics of the ear make such reconstruction even more important. This article presents the newly defined chondrocutaneous hatchet flap-Z plasty (HFZP) method in helical rim defects and evaluates the results.
Methods
This study retrospectively evaluates 14 patients who were operated on using the chondrocutaneous HFZP method after a tumor excision located on the helical rim. The etiologies of the patients were basal cell carcinoma (n = 7), squamous cell carcinoma (n = 2), and actinic keratosis (n = 5). All patients were operated on under local anesthesia. The patients were evaluated regarding age, sex, etiology, defect location, and aesthetic outcomes.
Result
Five patients were female, and 9 were male. The mean age of the patients was 72.2 years. Nine tumors were localized in the upper one-third of the helical rim, and 5 were localized in the middle one-third. The average duration of operation was 24 minutes. The aesthetic results were 11 patients (78.59%) who recovered with excellent outcome, 2 patients (14.2%) with good outcome, and 1 patient(7.1%) with poor outcome. There were no postoperative complications, such as flap necrosis, infection, suture detachment hemorrhage, or hematoma.
Conclusions
The chondrocutaneous HFZP method is a simple, single-stage method that uses local tissues without color mismatch. In addition to the method’s geometric gain, there is no removal of healthy skin or cartilage, resulting in minimal decreases in the vertical and horizontal diameters of the ear.

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Correction of Congenital Telecanthus by Extended Medial Epicanthoplasty With Skin Redraping Method

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Skin Care news and information found at www.SpaTreatmentTraining.com brought to you by National Laser Institute. Are you interested in a career that can train you to be a Med Spa technician? Want to become a certified Laser Hair Removal Specialist, Laser Tattoo Removal Specialist, Botox Injections or many more exciting Medical Spa courses? Enroll in the National Laser Institute and find yourself on the fast track to success.

imageBackground
Recently, skin-redraping medial epicanthoplasty has emerged as an extremely effective way to minimize the resultant scar. We found that the novel skin-redraping medial epicanthoplasty technique, which has been applied to aesthetic surgery, could also be suitable for the correction of congenital epicanthus and telecanthus.
Methods
We retrospectively identified patients who had an epicanthoplasty from December 2007 to August 2017. Among 47 patients, we identified 19 cases with congenital pathologies (nonaesthetic cases). Overall, 7 patients with at least 2 anthropometric measurements were selected.
Results
There was a mean presurgical intercanthal distance of 35.85 mm (range, 24–52 mm) and a mean intercanthal distance of 26.85 mm (range, 17–36 mm) with a mean difference of 9 mm following postsurgical revision. To better categorize this difference, statistical analysis was conducted using a paired t test, which showed a significant result with P = 0.008.
Conclusions
Our results revealed that the skin-redraping medial epicanthoplasty technique could be a better option even in the reconstruction of congenital telecanthus as well as aesthetic plastic surgery. It could correct mild to severe telecanthus and minimize scar formation.

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Treatment of Intraosseous Ganglion Cyst of the Lunate: A Systematic Review

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imagePurpose
Intraosseous ganglion cyst (IGC) is a rare disease, particularly in lunate. The objective of this study was to summarize current knowledge on the treatment of IGC of the lunate, through a literature review, to provide a therapeutic strategy for this rare disease.
Methods
The PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Science Direct database were searched with a set of predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Manual searches for references were performed to find potential relevant studies. The authors extracted data from the articles selected.
Results
Different treatment modalities of IGC of the lunate were described, all of which were divided into 3 categories: conservative treatment, classical surgical procedures, and novel surgical procedures. An overview on the main treatment modalities for IGC of the lunate was provided.
Conclusions
Conservative treatments can be the doctors’ first choice for patients with IGC. Surgical procedure is advised when conservative treatment fails. Traditional surgical curettage with autologous bone grafting is the mainstay of treatment with satisfactory outcomes; however, novel surgical techniques like arthroscopically assisted minimally invasive technique or filling with bone cement are considered as more promising attempts with less trauma and shorter recovery period. Nonetheless, studies with high levels of evidence are guaranteed for developing widely accepted clinical treatment guidelines.

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Dorsal Block Splinting of Volar Plate Injuries at Neutral Position

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Skin Care news and information found at www.SpaTreatmentTraining.com brought to you by National Laser Institute. Are you interested in a career that can train you to be a Med Spa technician? Want to become a certified Laser Hair Removal Specialist, Laser Tattoo Removal Specialist, Botox Injections or many more exciting Medical Spa courses? Enroll in the National Laser Institute and find yourself on the fast track to success.

imagePurpose
Volar plate injuries of the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) of a finger are common, often occurring in sporting or workplace incidents. Treatment of a stable dorsal dislocation entails a conservative approach, directed at preventing hyperextension and allowing the ligament to heal in position that does not negatively impact on healing. Current treatment regimens include dorsal block splinting (DBS) in 30° of flexion, which maintains the PIPJ in flexion in order to prevent any strain on the healing tissue while attempting to restore anatomical position. Recognized complications of DBS are flexion deformities of the joint and hyperextensibility. We propose that DBS in neutral position, rather than 30° flexion, reduces hyperextensibility as well as preventing flexion deformities of the PIPJ, allowing sooner return of function and participation in daily activities.
Methods
A retrospective review of patients sustaining volar plate injuries was undertaken. Inclusion criteria involved patients splinted at either 30° or neutral position, both those having undergone surgical or conservative regimens and the joint assessed as stable. Data were collected focusing on the number of hand therapy sessions, the time from injury to discharge, active angles of flexion and extension of the PIPJ, and pain.
Results
Over 2 years, 125 patients were treated for volar plate injuries: 20 with DBS at neutral position and 105 DBS at 30°. There were no significant differences in patient demographics. There were fewer hand therapy appointments required for those splinted in neutral position and weeks of hand therapy predischarge. There were no flexion deformities for patients undergoing DBS at neutral position, but no difference in PIPJ extension. There were no differences in hyperextensibility or pain.
Conclusions
Dorsal block splinting at neutral position results in fewer flexion deformities following volar plate injuries of the PIPJ, without resultant hyperextensibility. There are fewer demands on hand therapy. Dorsal block splinting at neutral position may result in better function for patients suffering this injury, with decreased complications and quicker return to daily activities.

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A Message From the CSPS President: What a Year!

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Skin Care news and information found at www.SpaTreatmentTraining.com brought to you by National Laser Institute. Are you interested in a career that can train you to be a Med Spa technician? Want to become a certified Laser Hair Removal Specialist, Laser Tattoo Removal Specialist, Botox Injections or many more exciting Medical Spa courses? Enroll in the National Laser Institute and find yourself on the fast track to success.

imageNo abstract available

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Anatomical Basis for Lip Reconstruction: The Role of the Modiolus

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Skin Care news and information found at www.SpaTreatmentTraining.com brought to you by National Laser Institute. Are you interested in a career that can train you to be a Med Spa technician? Want to become a certified Laser Hair Removal Specialist, Laser Tattoo Removal Specialist, Botox Injections or many more exciting Medical Spa courses? Enroll in the National Laser Institute and find yourself on the fast track to success.

imageObjective
The aim of this study was to establish the anatomic basis for functional upper and lower lip reconstruction with locoregional flaps.
Design, Setting, and Participants
This article is an anatomic fresh cadaver study.
Results
For lower lip reconstruction, the modified Bernard-Webster and Karapandzic flaps preserve the modiolus, buccinator, zygomaticus major muscle, and buccal branches of the facial nerve. The Bernard-Webster flap allowed for a larger oral aperture despite a larger defect, but required transection of the lower lip depressors and orbicularis oris. For upper lip reconstruction, the reverse fan flap preserves the modiolus and its muscle attachments. The reverse Karapandzic flap required transection of the lower lip depressors, buccinator, and the zygomaticus major.
Conclusions and Relevance
Locoregional flaps remain the workhorse for lip reconstruction. This study provides the anatomic basis for the modiolus and its muscular attachments that permit techniques such as the Bernard-Webster flap and the Karapanzic flap to achieve functional lip reconstruction with innervated and denervated tissue.

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Depressor Reanimation After Facial Nerve Paralysis

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Skin Care news and information found at www.SpaTreatmentTraining.com brought to you by National Laser Institute. Are you interested in a career that can train you to be a Med Spa technician? Want to become a certified Laser Hair Removal Specialist, Laser Tattoo Removal Specialist, Botox Injections or many more exciting Medical Spa courses? Enroll in the National Laser Institute and find yourself on the fast track to success.

imageFacial expressions play a fundamental role in interpersonal communication and interaction; consequently, facial palsy has profound effects on the quality of life of patients. Reanimation of lower lip depressors is rarely addressed during facial reanimation but is as important as treating the eye sphincter and the lip levators. Depressors of lower lip are vital for full denture smile and the expression of facial emotions. Static and dynamic techniques are used to reanimate the lower lip depressors. Static techniques provide stationary results either by weakening the contralateral normal side to achieve symmetry using botulinum toxin injection, depressor labi inferioris myectomy and marginal mandibular nerve neurectomy, or by creating static slings and tightening procedures on the affected side. Dynamic techniques provide functional results by reanimating the affected depressor complex using nerve transfers, muscle transfers, and direct muscle neurotization. The purpose of this article is to present an overview of the literature on the applications of these techniques in lower lip reanimation. Furthermore, preoperative evaluation and indications are also discussed.

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